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II Corinthians

Author

Place and Time of Writing

Literary Character

Audience

Theme

  1. He defends his authority as an Apostle because some of the Christians in the house churches were saying that Paul was not an Apostle.
  2. He encourages them to donate money to help the Christians in Jerusalem.

More details about II Corinthians

Before we move on, here is a list of Paul's friends and co-workers that are prominent in Acts and Paul's letters:

Why did Paul write the letter?

Paul wrote the previous letter, I Corinthians, to address problems with the Christians in Corinth. From that letter we can see that Paul was very concerned with their problems and with their spiritual state. After writing that letter he apparently made a second visit, which was unpleasant. [This second trip is not shown on the map because it must have been brief.] We know this from his reference to a second trip in 12:14: “Now I am ready to visit you for a third time.” After that Titus visited the Corinthian Christians and realized that they had changed and were accepting of Paul’s authority. Titus finds Paul in Macedonia and informs him of the change of heart in the Corinthian Christians. Paul then writes this letter in which he focuses on several personal matters and encourages them to make a collection of money for the Jerusalem Christians.

Paul describes those who were against him and defends his Apostleship

Paul’s defense on his authority as an Apostle

The longest discussion of the principles and practice of giving in the New Testament.

Outline of II Corinthians

Readings from II Corinthians

Timeline up to the book of II Corinthians

Dates are approximate.

Year Event
63 B.C. Romans conquer Israel.
27 B.C. Pax Romana began and lasted until A.D. 180.
4 B.C. Jesus born.
All dates after this are A.D.
27 Jesus baptized.
30 Jesus was crucified, buried, rose from the dead, and ascended to heaven.
Apostles travel to Jerusalem and choose Matthias to replace Judas as an Apostle.
Day of Pentecost: Peter assumes leadership of Christianity.
30-50 Peter was leader of Christianity.
33 Jesus appeared to Paul and Paul became a Christian.
48-50 Paul's First Missionary Trip.
50 Council of Jerusalem; Paul became one of the main Christian leaders.
50-55 Paul's Second Missionary Trip.
  53 I Corinthians & II Corinthians written.
55-60 Paul's Third Missionary Trip.
  57 Romans written.
60-62 Paul arrested in Jerusalem and taken to Rome.
62-63 (Not in Acts) Paul probably released from prison during this time.
63-65 (Not in Acts) Paul probably traveled. He may have gone to Spain.
64 Fire in Rome and Christians persecuted by Emperor Nero.
65 (Not in Acts)Paul back in Rome; he and Peter arrested and martyred: Peter crucified upside down and Paul beheaded.
67 Gospel of Mark written.
70 Temple in Jerusalem destroyed by Romans (it has not been rebuilt).
80 Gospels of Matthew and Luke written.
90 Gospel of John and book of Acts written.
95 Christians persecuted by Emperor Domitian; Apostle John exiled on island of Patmos where he wrote Revelation.
96 Emperor Domitian died; Apostle John probably moved to Ephesus.
100 Apostle John died; he was the last Apostle to die.
390's New Testament canon "closed" at Councils of Hippo (393) and Carthage (397).
1200's Chapters added to the New Testament.
1500's Verses added to the New Testament.

©2016 Mark Nickens