Christianity: The 700's
An Overview: What happened in this century?
- Islam swept across North Africa in the last decade of the 600s and then started moving into present-day Spain and Portugal in this century. The Muslims were defeated at the Battle of Tours in present-day France by Charlemagne's grandfather, Charles Martel, in 732.
- Christianity remained a small part of Western Europe until the rise of Charlemagne in the latter part of the century.
|726||Emperor Leo III issued a statement that all images were idols and ordered their destruction.|
|732||Charles Martel defeated the Muslims at the Battle of Tours (France). This stopped the advance of the Muslims into western Europe.|
|735||Bede died. The title "Venerable" was given to him about 100 years later. He is considered the father of English Church History and wrote The Ecclesiastical History of the English People.|
|756||Pepin the Short gave Pope Stephen II authority over Rome and the surrounding areas. This was the beginning of the Papal States.|
|754||Boniface died. He is consider the "Apostle of Germany"; he was born in England and sent to Germany by Pope Gregory II.
|768||Charlemagne became King of the Franks.|
|781||Alcuin met Charlemagne; Alcuin became his religious and educational adviser and would be the inspiration for the Carolingian Renaissance.|
|787||Council of Nicea II. The council reversed the ruling by Leo III (see 726) and established that icons could be venerated.|
|787||The Carolingian Renaissance began when Charlemagne ordered that all monasteries include teaching and study. It resulted in an increase in knowledge, education, copying of manuscripts, cultural awareness, art, architecture, and biblical studies.|
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